How to write an argumentative persuasive essay Pdf

Last Updated on January 19, 2023 by Jakes Papi

In the essay, you will argue that a specific idea or solution is better than the alternative. You’ll explain why you believe this to be the case using evidence like facts, statistics and quotes. As any argumentative essay writer knows, it is not enough to list a bunch of arguments and think that your essay will be convincing enough. If you want to persuade your reader that you are right and your opponent is wrong, you need to combine facts, statistics and logic with powerful rhetoric skills.

As you’ve progressed, you may have heard about something called the five-paragraph essay. Although there are several different types of essays, the five-paragraph essay is probably the most common.

PDF) Argumentative writing: theory, assessment, and instruction

Persuasive essays, also referred to as argumentative essays, persuade the reader to agree with the writer’s position on a subject. You should use how to write an argumentative essay step by step with examples and persuade the reader to agree with you. In other words, you are giving preference to one option while responding to questions. Every argumentative essay employs the justification that one idea is more valid than another.

You must utilize logical reasoning, examples, and expert quotes to support your claim or position. Choose a subject for your argumentative essay that contains two competing viewpoints. Continue to hunt for proof to back up your position. To learn how to write an argumentative essay with examples, be sure to study argumentative essay examples.

How to write an argumentative persuasive essay

Understand Your Audience
To someone, all writing is addressed. In light of this, you must start by comprehending your audience.
Whom are you attempting to influence?
What are they concerned with?
What preexisting beliefs and ideas do they have?
Do they already accept your viewpoint or do they have any reservations?
Which arguments will they find to be the strongest?
What appeals to one audience might not appeal to another.
Are you targeting a diverse group of left-leaning Gen-Z undergrads or middle-aged conservatives? Direct your writing at them.
A Pro Tip
Assuming that your audience would comprehend what you meant to say is always a mistake. In fact, it may be advantageous to assume that your readers are unkind and lazy at the same time (truly!).
Lazy: They won’t go out of their way to read unclear writing.
Unkind: They’ll believe your assertions to be untrue.
It is your responsibility to help your reader make up for these shortcomings by
Writing concisely and providing adequate support for your assertions
2. Defend Your Stand
Even though it might seem obvious, every convincing argument needs to make a specific point. What are you arguing for specifically? You’ve already lost the audience’s attention if they have to speculate.
By creating a solid thesis statement at the outset, you may prevent that issue. As you develop each point of your argument, make repeated references to it to maintain your reader’s attention on the main point.
How Can I Construct a Powerful Thesis Statement?
Doing your research in advance is the key to creating a strong thesis statement that can drive an entire essay. In this approach, you can avoid taking a viewpoint for which you lack a strong argument.
A good thesis statement is:
Simple to comprehend
narrow in scope
The argument will be more challenging to prove and less compelling if your thesis statement, such as “I argue that we should take action to prevent climate change,” is overly general.
However, you will be able to provide precise, convincing proof if your thesis statement is narrowly focused, such as “I believe that local governments may battle climate change by sponsoring urban gardening projects.” Your case will be considerably stronger and more persuasive.
It is preferable to completely cover a specific subject than to skimp on a larger one.
3. Produce a road map
Make a road map for your audience after making your claim. Explain what you’re going to do and how you’re going to do it so the readers know exactly what to expect.
Use words like “first” and “second” as keywords to direct the reader. Do not take any action in the document that has not been specified in your roadmap. Tangents will only lead to audience confusion. Aim for a clear, logical flow that the reader can follow.
Making a solid roadmap can be more difficult than it appears. Make an outline of your complete paper before writing it to make it easier.
Simple outline for a persuasive essay: thesis statement and introduction
Point #1 Evidence Evidence Distinguish concerns
Point # 2 Evidence Evidence Distinguish concerns
Addressing issues in Point #3: Evidence

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How to write an argumentative essay with examples

The position paper is a particular style of argumentative text. The position paper offers a debatable viewpoint on a subject. The purpose of a position paper is to persuade the audience that your viewpoint is credible and deserving of their attention. Your task is to present one side of the debate in a way that is understandable to your audience and demonstrates to them that you are an expert on the subject being discussed. To demonstrate that you are considering all sides of an argument, it is crucial to back up your claims with evidence and address any counterarguments.

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Similar to this, one of the most popular and powerful types of argumentation is a proposal argument. A proposal argument identifies a problem, suggests a course of action for a particular audience, and employs particular strategies to persuade others to act. Similar to this, a persuasive essay tries to persuade the reader to share your viewpoint. You are attempting to persuade the reader by presenting facts, evidence, and theories. The table below outlines the key distinctions between writing a position paper to inform readers and writing a persuasive essay to persuade readers.

How to write an argumentative essay step by step with examples

An argumentative essay should take an objective stance; your arguments should be supported by logic and facts rather than exaggeration or emotional appeals.

Although there are numerous strategies for writing argumentative essays, you can start outlining your points by using either the Toulmin model or the Rogerian model.

Toulmin defenses
The four steps of the Toulmin model can be repeated as often as required to support the claim:

Make a statement
Give justification (evidence) for the claim.
Describe the warrant (how the grounds support the claim)
Identifying the limitations of the argument and demonstrating that you have taken into account opposing viewpoints, discuss potential rebuttals to the assertion.
In academic writings, the Toulmin model is a common methodology. Although you don’t have to use these precise words (grounds, warrants, or rebuttals), it is essential in an argumentative essay to make a clear relationship between your statements and the data that supports them.

Let’s say you’re debating the value of workplace anti-discrimination policies. You could:

claim that unconscious bias training is ineffective and that money would be better spent using different strategies
Cite evidence to prove your point.
Describe how the data shows that the technique is ineffective.
Be prepared for criticisms of your claim based on further data, and then explain whether or not these criticisms are valid.
Rogerian defenses
The Rogerian paradigm also entails four steps, which you could use repeatedly in your essay:

Useful Argumentative Essay Words and Phrases

Describe what the opposing view accomplishes well and why some people might adopt it.
Point out the issues with this position.
Describe your own stance and how it solves these issues.
What aspects of your position would supporters of the opposite position benefit from adopting? Offer a potential compromise.
This technique seeks a compromise while providing a clear image of each side of an issue. It is especially helpful when there is a tendency for individuals to strongly disagree on the topic at hand since it enables you to address opposing arguments with good faith.

Let’s say you want to make the case that the internet has improved education. You could:

Recognize that pupils rely too heavily on Wikipedia and other similar websites
Make the case that teachers overestimate the reliability of Wikipedia.
Indicate how Wikipedia’s citation format might instruct students about referencing
For teachers who are unsure of Wikipedia’s value, suggest critical interaction with it as a feasible task.
Although you don’t have to choose one of these models—you may even include components of both in different sections of your essay—nevertheless it’s important to take both into account if you have trouble organizing your ideas.

Whatever strategy you use, your essay must always be organized with an introduction, a body, and a conclusion.

Argumentative essay examples

Example 1 of an argumentative essay
Some people have proposed closing public libraries and replacing them with iPads with e-reader subscriptions as online learning becomes more widespread and more resources are transformed to digital form.

The idea’s proponents claim that it will result in financial savings for nearby cities and villages because maintaining libraries is expensive. They think more people will read since they won’t have to go to the library to borrow a book; instead, they can just click on the book they want to read and read it from wherever they are. Libraries won’t have to purchase physical copies of books since they can just rent out as many digital versions as they require, giving users access to a wider variety of resources.

But using tablets to replace libraries would be a grave error. First, compared to print resources, digital books and resources are more problematic and are connected with less learning. According to a research comparing tablet and book reading, tablet users read 20–30% slower, remember 20–20% less information, and comprehend 10–15% less of what they read than those who read the same material in print. Additionally, it has been demonstrated that gazing at a computer for an extended period of time is significantly more likely than reading print to result in a number of health issues, such as blurred vision, faintness, dry eyes, headaches, and eye strain. A higher incidence of more significant health conditions like fibromyalgia, shoulder and back discomfort, carpal tunnel syndrome, and muscle strain is also observed in individuals who use tablets and mobile devices extensively. I am aware that if I use my e-reader for an extended period of time, my eyes get fatigued and my neck gets sore. Giving people, especially young people, more incentive to gaze at screens shouldn’t exacerbate these issues.

Second, assuming that libraries simply provide book lending is terribly limited-minded. There are many advantages to libraries, many of which can only be accessed if the library is physically there. These advantages include serving as a peaceful study area, offering a forum for neighborhood interaction, hosting classes on various subjects, creating employment opportunities, responding to client inquiries, and maintaining a sense of community. Over a third of residents in one neighborhood said they felt more connected to their community after a local library started hosting community events like play dates for young children and their parents, job fairs for teenagers, and gathering places for senior citizens. Similar to this, a 2015 Pew survey revealed that nearly two-thirds of American adults believed that closing their neighborhood library would have a significant negative impact on their neighborhood. Tablets can’t provide these advantages nearly as well or as easily as libraries do for people looking to connect with others and find answers to their questions.

Despite the numerous problems with digital screens, replacing libraries with tablets may seem like a straightforward solution, but it would encourage people to spend even more time staring at screens. Additionally, many of the advantages of libraries on which people have come to rely would no longer be accessible. Libraries could never be replaced by a simple object in many communities because they are such a vital part of the social fabric.

The thesis is the first sentence in the third paragraph after the author provides an overview of the opposing viewpoint. The remainder of the essay is then devoted to dissecting the opposing viewpoint’s counterargument and illuminating the reasons why readers should accept it.

What this essay excels at doing:

The thesis appears fairly late in the essay, which is a little unusual, but it works because the rest of the essay concentrates on proving the thesis after it is stated because the opposing argument has already been covered earlier in the paper.
This essay presents a wealth of data and references research to back up its claims. The author’s argument is stronger and readers are more likely to agree with it because there is concrete data to support it.
The author makes sure to counter each argument put forth by the opposing side and then explains why her viewpoint is stronger. It’s crucial to undermine the opposing viewpoint in order to make a compelling case, and this essay does that by making the author’s point of view seem more compelling.

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